Introduction
This section provides information on factors which impact the suitability for the development of aquatic renewable energy projects. Countries assessed include: Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania and the UK. Information is provided in the native language of the respective country and in English.
A number of factors will affect the likelihood for a country to host an aquatic renewable energy sector.  
  • Resource – the aquatic renewable energy resource type.
  • Development and testing – facilities for testing aquatic renewable energy devices.
  • Power use and transmission – the markets for energy, and the quality and coverage of energy transmission facilities.
  • Industry and skills – manufacturing capacity for aquatic renewable energy devices, a workforce with training and skills relevant to the aquatic renewable energy sector.
  • Regulation – existence and quality of regulation governing deployment, operation and decommissioning of aquatic renewable energy projects.
  • Drivers and industry support – incentives (public and private) to encourage development of the aquatic renewable energy sector.

Resource
The most important factor is the presence, or absence, of aquatic renewable energy resources.

For each AquaRET partner country (Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania, UK), this section identifies the presence, or absence, of aquatic renewable energy resources. This assessment includes run-of-river, tidal impoundment, tidal stream, wave and offshore wind.

Maps are provided where possible to give a better understanding of where the resource is located.

Development and testing
This section provides information on the facilities available in Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania and the UK for the support of innovative aquatic renewable energy technologies.

This includes sub-sections on:
  • Research and development facilities – where innovative technology and new products for the aquatic renewable energy sector can be designed.
  • Testing facilities – physical locations where prototype devices and innovative components can be tested to measure performance (e.g. wave tanks or open sea zones).
  • Pilot zones – designated areas where installations of aquatic renewable energy projects are specifically encouraged.

Power use and transmission
Descriptions of aspects related to power transmission in Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania and the UK. This includes the following sub-sections:
  • Power use options – likely forms of energy outputs from aquatic renewable energy; an indication of the market to which energy will be sold. Some countries, for example, use aquatic renewable energy to provide power for desalination; others channel aquatic renewable electricity directly into the national electricity grid.
  • Grid networks – the quality and coverage of the national power grid
  • Grid connections – a summary of the process for obtaining a grid connection permit, with details of the body in charge of this process.

Industry and skills
An indication of the resources available in Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania and the UK for the development of aquatic renewable energy projects, including the following sub-sections:
  • Manufacturing capacity – resources available for manufacturing aquatic renewable energy devices or their components (e.g. moorings, cables or substations).
  • Support facilities and vessels – the availability (or lack) of sufficient, quality infrastructure to support aquatic renewable energy projects. This may include information on harbours, ports and ship availability.
  • Workforce – the availability (or lack) of technically-trained people to support the development of aquatic renewable energy projects. Sectors of importance include specialists in construction, manufacturing, regulation and environmental science.
  • Educational institutes – educational and vocational institutions available to train specialists.
Regulation
The main consents, licences or permissions required in Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania and the UK to develop an aquatic renewable energy projects; some basic information on the process by which these are acquired. Sub-sections include:
  • Leasing – the permissions necessary to buy or lease land or seabed on which to develop an aquatic renewable energy project.
  • Consenting – the permissions necessary to develop an aquatic renewable energy project on a specific site.
  • Environment – extra permissions needed, related to the environment, which may be required to develop an aquatic renewable energy project.
  • Health and safety – extra permissions needed, related to health or navigation safety, which may be required to develop an aquatic renewable energy project.
Drivers of industry
An assessment of incentives in Cyprus, Greece, Portugal, Romania and the UK for the development of the aquatic renewable energy industry, with sub-sections on:
  • Political drivers – political messages of support to the development of the aquatic renewable energy industry; this may include targets and objectives, general permissions, or pilot zones.
  • Financial drivers – finance available to aid the aquatic renewable energy industry; this may include public revenue or grant support.  Some basic information on the availability of private finance is also included.
Country Information
UK
Cyprus
Greece
Romania
Portugal
Language English
Greek
Romanian
Portuguese

llp logoThis project has been funded with support from the European Commission (EU Lifelong Learning Programme Agreement no LLP/LdV/TOI/2009/IRL – 515). This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Aqua-RET Project © 2012. All Rights Reserved

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